|Basic InformationMore InformationLatest News|Lifestyle Changes Might Prevent or Slow DementiaSevere Headaches Plague Vets With Traumatic Brain InjuriesSticky Brain 'Plaques' Implicated in Alzheimer's Again'Making the Best of It': Families Face the Heavy Burden of Alzheimer'sCognitive Decline Linked to Visual Field VariabilityAlzheimer's Deaths Jump 55 Percent: CDCLife Expectancy Slighter Shorter With Parkinson's, DementiaLow Body Mass Index Not Risk Factor for Alzheimer's DiseaseThin People Not More Prone to Alzheimer's, Study FindsWives, Daughters Shoulder Most of Alzheimer's Care BurdenGene Mutation May Speed Alzheimer's DeclineSilent Seizures May Contribute to Alzheimer's Pathology'Silent' Seizures Tied to Alzheimer's SymptomsPsychiatric Scars of Wartime Brain Injury May Linger for YearsMany Patients With Alzheimer's Disease Discontinue AChEIsMicrovascular Endothelial Dysfunction Can Predict DementiaAntipsychotic Medication Use Can Be Reduced in Dementia PatientsPast Psychiatric Disorders Do Not Raise Risk of Alzheimer's DiseasePast Psychiatric Ills Don't Raise Alzheimer's Risk: StudyXanax, Valium May Boost Pneumonia Risk in Alzheimer's PatientsSGA Prescribing Higher for Veterans With PTSD/DementiaDrug Tied to Dementia Risk Overprescribed to Seniors: StudyProton Pump Inhibitor Use Ups Pneumonia Risk in DementiaVitamin E, Selenium Supplements Won't Curb Men's Dementia RiskDizzy Spells in Middle-Age Tied to Dementia Risk LaterFive Million American Seniors Now Living With Alzheimer'sStudy: Gene Test Needed Before Using Alzheimer's Drug 'Off-Label'Annual Death Toll From Alzheimer's Nearly Doubles in 15 YearsImmune Disorders Such as MS, Psoriasis May Be Tied to Dementia RiskIs Need for More Sleep a Sign of Pending Dementia?Unhealthy in Middle Age, Dementia in Old Age?HRT Won't Lower Women's Alzheimer's Risk, Study FindsReview Links Albuminuria to Cognitive Impairment, DementiaCan Air Pollution Heighten Alzheimer's Risk?Bilingual People May Have an Edge Against Alzheimer'sBusy Minds May Be Better at Fighting DementiaDementia May Be Exacerbated by Hospital-Related DeliriumLink Seen Between Concussions and Alzheimer'sContinuing Warfarin Protective After Diagnosis of DementiaDoes Living Near Major Roads Boost Dementia Risk?Caregiver Phone Support Ups Use of Community ResourcesAntipsychotic Drugs May Up Risk of Early Death in Alzheimer's PatientsIs Dementia in Older Women Tied to 20-Year Rate of Weight Loss?Better Sleep May Signal Recovery From Brain Injuryβ-Blockers May Not Be Appropriate for Dementia PatientsTest Predicting Alzheimer's Would Be Welcome, Survey FindsWhether Statins Cut Alzheimer's Risk May Depend on Gender, RaceBeta Blockers May Not Be Best Heart Drugs for Dementia PatientsAlzheimer's Patients' Use of Painkilling Patches Cause for ConcernYoung Adults With Head Trauma May Have Higher Risk of Jail TimeQuestions and AnswersVideosLinksBook Reviews
Young Adults With Head Trauma May Have Higher Risk of Jail Time
by -- Robert Preidt
Updated: Dec 8th 2016
THURSDAY, Dec. 8, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A traumatic brain injury may be linked to a young adult's higher chances of ending up in jail, a new Canadian study suggests.
"These findings contribute to emerging research suggesting traumatic brain injury is an important risk factor for involvement with the criminal justice system," said lead author Dr. Flora Matheson, of the Centre for Urban Health Solutions at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto.
"This may be just the tip of the iceberg as our study focused only on people with more serious [traumatic brain injury]," she said in a hospital news release. "We also did not include people who may have served time in provincial, rather than federal jails."
Matheson's team analyzed data gathered from nearly 1.4 million Canadians, aged 18 to 28, from 1997 through 2011. This age group was chosen because it has an increased risk of severe brain injury and involvement in the criminal justice system, the researchers said.
Brain injuries are usually caused by a violent blow or jolt to the head or, less frequently, an object penetrating the skull. A concussion is often said to be a mild traumatic brain injury.
During the study period, 0.5 percent of those with a history of traumatic brain injury ended up in federal prison. That was more than twice the rate of 0.2 percent among those with no history of traumatic brain injury, according to the study.
The researchers emphasized, however, that the overall risk of jail for someone with a history of severe brain injury was low, at less than five in 1,000. And the study shows only an association, not a cause-and-effect relationship.
Still, the researchers said knowing of this connection may help health care providers better identify people at risk for prison and provide better care for people within the prison system.
Matheson also said that rather than suggesting that brain injury causes people to be jailed, the study highlights the fact that many people in prison may have a potentially serious health issue.
The results were published online Dec. 8 in the journal CMAJ Open.
The U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has more on traumatic brain injury.
This article: Copyright © 2016 HealthDay. All rights reserved.