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SCAMHC is an approved Mental Health site for the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment program.  Find out the program details and see if you qualify by visiting: http://nhsc.hrsa.gov/

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SCAMHC serves all individuals regardless of inability to pay. Discounts for essential services are offered based on family size and income. For more information, contact (334) 222-2523 or our 24/7 Helpline at 1-877-530-0002.

 

 


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Anxiety Disorders
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What is Anxiety?The Biopsychosocial Model of AnxietyDevelopment & Maintenance of Anxiety DisordersClassification & Diagnosis of Anxiety DisordersAnxiety Disorder Theories and TherapiesTreatment of Anxiety DisordersAnxiety Disorder References & Additonal Resources
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Depression: Depression & Related Conditions
Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Contemporary Views of Behavioral Learning Theory

Matthew D. Jacofsky, Psy.D., Melanie T. Santos, Psy.D., Sony Khemlani-Patel, Ph.D. & Fugen Neziroglu, Ph.D. of the Bio Behavioral Institute, edited by C.E. Zupanick, Psy.D. and Mark Dombeck, Ph.D.

There remains quite a bit of controversy, among researchers and clinicians alike, regarding the role of classical conditioning in the development of anxiety disorders. First, it is not always possible to identify the initial classical conditioning life event that led to the development of an anxiety disorder. Second, there is a great deal of evidence in the literature to suggest a multitude of factors combine to produce an anxiety disorder. As we've discussed this includes genetics and disposition; psychological vulnerabilities; and social learning. While the precise role of classical conditioning is still uncertain, there is sufficient evidence to support the reinforcing nature of avoidance learning, according to the principles of operant conditioning.

Not withstanding these limitations, these two theoretical models directly gave rise to numerous effective behavioral therapies. Behavioral techniques are widely used for a plethora of problems. This includes drug/alcohol addiction; smoking cessation; improving social skills; and helping children with Autism and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, to name but a few. In the next section, we discuss the application of behavioral theory as it relates to the treatment of anxiety disorders.