19815 Bay Branch Rd
Andalusia, Alabama 36420
(334) 222-2523
HELPLINE: 1-877-530-0002



SCAMHC is an approved Mental Health site for the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment program.  Find out the program details and see if you qualify by visiting: http://nhsc.hrsa.gov/

SCAMHC is an Equal Opportunity Provider and Employer and maintains a Drug-Free Workplace.

SCAMHC serves all individuals regardless of inability to pay. Discounts for essential services are offered based on family size and income. For more information, contact (334) 222-2523 or our 24/7 Helpline at 1-877-530-0002.



powered by centersite dot net
Child & Adolescent Development: Overview
Basic InformationMore InformationLatest News
Many Marijuana Vendors Aim Advertising at Kids: StudyHeart Function Rebounds for Kids With COVID-Linked MIS-CWhich Kids Are Most Vulnerable to Severe COVID-19?At-Home COVID Tests Accurate for Ki​ds: StudyCDC Study Shows Power of Flu Vaccine for KidsCOVID Hospitalizations Rising in Kids Too Young for VaccineNearly 600,000 U.S. Kids Had COVID Last WeekWhite House to Give Schools 10 Million Free COVID Tests Every MonthKids' Behavior Worsened With Remote Learning: StudyLater School Start Times Boost Parents' Health, TooUrban Air Pollution Drives Millions of Cases of Asthma in KidsCDC Backs Boosters for High-Risk Kids Aged 5-11, Shorter Time Between ShotsA Better Way to Correct Severe Scoliosis in Kids?Getting Your Child Their Vaccine?  Some Tips on Easing Needle FearsU.S. Hospitals Seeing Record Numbers of Young COVID PatientsSevere Illness in Children Brings Hardship for FamiliesReal-World Data Confirms Pfizer Vaccine Safe for Kids Ages 5-11Family Factors Affect Child's Odds for Cleft PalateAs Omicron Spreads, Child Hospitalizations Climb 30% in Past WeekNew Clues to Sudden Unexplained Deaths in Young KidsSevere Illness in a Child Takes Big Toll on Parents, Siblings: StudyProgram Aims to Get Lifesaving Drugs to Kids With Cancer in Poorer CountriesSchool COVID Outbreaks Drop When Adults Wear Masks, Study FindsMany Overweight Kids Already Have Hardened Arteries, DiabetesCDC Supports 'Test-to-Stay' Strategy for SchoolsJunk Food Ads Reaching Kids Through Livestream Gaming PlatformsWhat Does 'Long COVID' Look Like in Kids?New Drug a Good Treatment Option for Severe Asthma in KidsFebrile Seizures: How to Protect Your ChildNew Treatment Greatly Boosts Survival for Kids With a Rare, Aggressive CancerRisk of Vision Trouble Rises in Children With Type 2 DiabetesMore Time Outdoors May Lower Risk of MS in YouthNew Asthma Drug Helps Kids, But Price Tag Is HighUS Surgeon General Report Warns of Mental Health Crisis Hitting YouthAnother Benefit to Asthma Control for Kids: Less Bullying1 in 3 U.S. Children Lack Adequate Health InsuranceWhat's Behind Unexplained Epilepsy in Kids? A Gene Test May TellIs the Mumps Vaccine Becoming Less Effective?Autism Now Diagnosed in 1 in Every 44 Children, CDC SaysKids With Uncontrolled Asthma at Higher Odds for Severe COVID-19Nearly 7% of U.S. Kids Have Had a Head Injury or ConcussionAre Your Holiday Gifts on the 'Noisy Toy List'?Many Kids, Teens Think Girls Don't Care About Computer ScienceMost Parents Say Their Kids Aren't Thankful Enough: PollPandemic Curbed Kids' Efforts to Lose Excess WeightClimate Change May Not Increase Allergies in Kids With Asthma: StudyNearly 10% of Younger Kids Have Gotten First COVID Vaccine DoseAHA News: Family-Based Programs Targeting Childhood Obesity Can Be Good for Parents, TooCases of Children's Severe COVID-Linked Illness Were Worse in Second WaveFace Masks Don't Hide Emotions From Kids: Study
Questions and AnswersVideosLinksBook Reviews
Related Topics

ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Childhood Mental Disorders and Illnesses

Risk of Vision Trouble Rises in Children With Type 2 Diabetes

HealthDay News
by By Denise Mann HealthDay Reporter
Updated: Dec 9th 2021

new article illustration

THURSDAY, Dec. 9, 2021 (HealthDay News) -- A condition called "diabetic retinopathy" often threatens the vision of adults with diabetes, but new research suggests that kids with type 2 diabetes may be particularly vulnerable to the vision-robbing complication.

In fact, these kids were nearly twice as likely to develop the condition as children with type 1 diabetes were, the researchers found.

"The new findings emphasize the need to differentiate between the two types of diabetes when discussing screening for eye disease with patients and families," said study author Patricia Bai. She is a medical student at Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine in Arizona.

"Closer monitoring for retinopathy development in youth-onset type 2 diabetes to prevent vision-threatening complications may be warranted," Bai said.

Type 2 is the form of diabetes most closely tied to obesity. It occurs when your body doesn't use the hormone insulin properly. When insulin can't do its job, blood sugar (glucose) builds up in your body, where it can cause complications including diabetic retinopathy. The condition, which damages blood vessels in the retina, is the leading cause of vision loss in people aged 18 to 64, according to the American Diabetes Association. The only way to catch diabetic retinopathy early is through annual eye exams.

For the study, the researchers examined the risk of developing diabetes-associated eye disease in 525 people aged 22 or younger who were diagnosed with either form of diabetes during a 50-year time period. Within the first 15 years of diagnosis, risk of developing diabetic retinopathy was 88% greater in kids with type 2 diabetes, compared with those who had type 1 disease. Kids with type 2 diabetes were also more likely to have advanced forms of diabetic eye disease and need surgery to treat the condition.

The new study did have its share of limitations. Type 1 diabetes often comes on quickly, but type 2 is more insidious, which is why it often takes longer to diagnose. Type 2 symptoms such as frequent urination, excessive thirst and fatigue may go unnoticed, which would shorten the timeline of complications. With type 1, you don't make insulin or make very little of it, and symptoms can be dramatic, usually resulting in a quicker diagnosis.

"Increasing dedicated public health efforts to screen for type 2 diabetes and capture those who remain undiagnosed may help ensure management strategies are in place to reduce the risk for developing eye complications," Bai said. "We do hope our findings will provide background for future studies that focus on prevention of ocular disease in youth-onset type 2 diabetes."

The findings were published online Dec. 2 in the journal JAMA Ophthalmology.

Commenting on the report, experts who were not involved with the new study noted that they are concerned that rising rates of type 2 diabetes in kids may cause a tsunami of vision complications in the future.

"As the obesity epidemic spreads to children, the rates of type 2 diabetes are showing up in younger patients," said Dr. Joshua Miller, medical director of diabetes care at Stony Brook Medicine in New York.

Making matters worse, type 2 diabetes isn't always diagnosed right away. "It can take upward of five to 10 years to diagnose type 2, which means there is a greater potential for complications to develop. We are against the clock," Miller added.

The most important timeframe in preventing complications is right after someone develops diabetes and in the ensuing two decades, Miller said.

"Diagnosing type 2 in a child and intervening can absolutely reverse or delay diabetes onset and lower risk of long-term complications," he said. The best way to stave off diabetes complications is to keep your blood sugar under tight control from the get-go.

Dr. Kammi Gunton, an ophthalmologist at Wills Eye Hospital in Philadelphia, agreed.

"We know that the incidence of diabetic retinopathy increases with years since diagnosis, and the more years you have it, the greater the chance of complications," Gunton said.

Largely because type 2 diabetes wasn't historically seen in kids, there's not enough data out there to say exactly when and how often these kids should have screening eye exams.

"With type 2, we ask them to come in at the time of diagnosis, and they should be examined every year," Gunton said. "With type 1, it varies from three to five years following diagnosis and then yearly."

More information

Learn more about how diabetes affects your vision and what to do about it at the American Diabetes Association.

SOURCES: Patricia Bai, medical student, Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine, Scottsdale, Ariz.; Joshua Miller, MD, medical director, diabetes care, Stony Brook Medicine, Stony Brook, New York; Kammi Gunton, MD, ophthalmologist, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia; JAMA Ophthalmology, Dec. 2, 2021, online